Glossary of Dental Terms

Dental phrases are slightly complicated for the widespread particular person to grasp. On this article or “glossary”, the most typical dental phrases are outlined and can hopefully shed gentle to those that search concise-but-brief definitions on phrases like “root canal remedy”, “orthodontist”, “periodontal illness”, and so on.

Abscess – a pus-filled, swollen portion of the gums.

Amalgam – silver-mercury materials used as a filling to strengthen tooth (esp. molars).

Bicuspid – a tooth positioned between the entrance tooth (incisors and canines) and the grinding tooth (molars). The primary perform of bicuspids is to disintegrate stable meals. There are two pairs of bicuspids, each discovered on the prime and backside of the mouth.

Bonding – a strategy of attaching veneers to tooth or filling tooth with composite/amalgam materials by means of first etching the tooth and making use of the fabric/s talked about.

Bridge – everlasting false tooth hooked up on an adjoining tooth/tooth (relying on the kind of bridge). Bridges are primarily put in to strengthen the chunk and to forestall gum illnesses.

Bruxism – an impulsive and recurring grinding of an individual’s tooth, primarily skilled by individuals below emotional and bodily stress. Relentless bruxism normally happens when an individual is in his unconscious (i.e., sleeping). This may trigger extreme injury on the tooth, resulting in malocclusions.

Calculus – also referred to as “tartar”, this hardened plaque clings on to tooth, ultimately resulting in tooth decay and gingivitis. Tartar buildup is tough to take away by unusual means and should require dental merchandise and apparati to scrub.

Caries – the gradual collapse of a tooth. Also called “tooth decay”, caries is primarily brought on by buildup of acid-producing carbohydrates equivalent to sucrose, fructose, and glucose on the tooth.

Cavity – a depressed or collapsed space within the tooth, as evidenced by blackened gap, is brought on by tooth decay.

Composites – semisolid (resin) substances that may are primarily utilized in creating dental fillings. Composites are normally made up of small glass particles that resemble the colour of the tooth. These are made up of unhazardous supplies (silicon dioxide), versus amalgam (mercury).

Crown (“cap”) -the crown is the outside or seen space of the tooth, or the unreal materials protecting it. The crown is roofed by enamel. Synthetic crowns are composed of a metallic/porcelain substance. These synthetic crowns are used to revive or protect a decayed tooth/tooth.

Cuspid – Also called a “canine”, this protruding or pointy tooth is used to tear ingested meals into items.

Dentin – the calcified tissue positioned in the midst of the tooth. It’s blanketed by the enamel. It includes nearly all of a tooth’s composition.

Dry socket – also referred to as alveolitis, this painful and cringing sensation is brought on by the failure of blood to clot on the alveolar bone after a tooth extraction. It normally passes away after a couple of days or when the uncovered portion of the bone is correctly hid. It normally secretes a foul odor and causes a bitter style.

Enamel – referred to as the hardest substance within the physique, the enamel the outer layer of the tooth that protects the dentin and all inside elements of the tooth to be uncovered to micro organism and different acidic parts that compromise the well being of the tooth.

Endontist – a dentist who makes a speciality of treating dental pulp and nerve infections/illnesses associated to the. Endodontists normally carry out root canal surgical procedure (endodontics).

Fluoride – a chemical generally and richly present in consuming water and in toothpastes (although toothpastes have increased concentrations of fluoride). Fluoride is crucial in strengthening the enamel of the tooth, thus stopping tooth decay.

Gingivitis – irritation/illness that causes the gums to swell up, change into tender and ultimately bleed. Ineffective oral hygiene causes the gums tissue to change into compromised. Gingivitis is an early indicator of periodontal illness and may result in a extra severe gum illness, paradontitis.

Gum illness – also referred to as “periodontitis”, gum illnesses are preventable infections/illnesses that trigger irritation of the gum tissue. Gum illnesses are sometimes marked by swollen and tender gums. A great oral hygiene strongly helps within the prevention of periodontitis.

Halitosis – or generally referred to as “dangerous breath”, is brought on by quite a lot of elements, equivalent to: a nasty oral hygiene, sinus issues and meals particles which were latched onto the tooth for fairly a while.

Impacted tooth – a tooth that can’t erupt or break via the gum tissue due to a blockage (crowded tooth rows, dangerous gum place, hindrance of the alveolar bone). Impacted tooth will ultimately erupt, however will likely be malformed and can ultimately trigger ache. Surgical elimination of an impacted tooth is required to forestall any malocclusions (misaligned tooth) from forming.

Incisor – kind of tooth positioned on the entrance of the mouth. Adults have eight of those flat tooth (4 on the highest and 4 on the underside), and they’re used primarily to chunk and lower meals.

Malocclusion – the misalignment or protrusion of the higher and decrease tooth brought on by quite a lot of elements like: massive tooth that do not need sufficient area to suit into the alveolar bone usually; lacking tooth; impacted tooth; hereditary causes.

Molar – a molar is a grinding tooth positioned simply behind the bicuspids. Molars are tooth recognized by broad crowns. There are a complete of eight molars discovered within the common grownup mouth (12 with the knowledge tooth mixed). Molars are the subjected to each probably the most stress and acidic substances from grinding meals, therefore the impact that they’re extra susceptible to decay and tartar buildup.

Mucin – protein secreted by saliva, that when blended with acidic carbohydrates or sugars, construct up plaque.

Orthodontist – a dentist who makes a speciality of correcting malocclusions and different tooth deformities by putting in dental home equipment on the tooth (orthodontics).

Pedodontist – a dentist who makes a speciality of treating youngsters (pedodontics).

Periodontist – a dentist who specializes within the therapy of gum illnesses and the bones that help the tooth, just like the alveolar bone and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) (periodontics).

Periodontal Illness – any gum illness that infiltrates the gum and bone surrounding the tooth. Examples of periodontal illnesses are gingivitis, lack of the alveolar bone, pus buildup, and extreme periodontal breakdown.

Plaque – the clear movie that builds up on the enamel of the tooth. Plaque consists of various protein substances and micro organism that cling on to the tooth. Plaque may be prevented by a very good oral hygiene.

Prosthodontist – a dentist who specializes within the restoration of lacking tooth by means of prosthetics or “dentures” and different synthetic units.

Pulp – the central and innermost a part of the tooth, consisting of enamel, dentin, mushy tissue and dental cells (referred to as odontoblasts). The pulp encapsulates the nerves and the blood vessels of the tooth.

Pulpitis – the irritation of the pulp, brought on by an an infection of the nerves contained in the tooth. Different causes embrace trauma or a big, gaping cavity that exposes the pulp. Acute, extended complications are to be skilled on the onset and course of pulpitis.

Radiograph – a machine utilized by dentists and photos of dental technicians to take x-ray pictures of the tooth, alveolar bone, and the maxilla.

Root Canal (or Root Canal Remedy) – an endodontic therapy whereby doable micro organism buildup (or the diseased nerve itself) contained in the abscessed tooth are cleaned out, disinfected and subsequently, the tooth is full of an inert materials.

Tartar – also referred to as “calculus”, is the hardened deposit of calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate and natural materials (or plaque) that builds up on the floor of the tooth. Tartar results in gum illnesses if not remedied.

Knowledge tooth – these “last” set of molars erupt from the gum tissue between the ages of 15 to 25. Additionally referred to as the third molars, knowledge tooth are 4 in rely and are anticipated to trigger ache after they change into impacted towards the second molars. These tooth are tough to take care of, as they trigger extreme ache when they’re at their erupting part and knowledge tooth might require surgical intervention in the event that they change into severely impacted towards the opposite molars.


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